Men live in two types of environments, namely the physical environment and the cultural environment. The physical environment refers to the type of climate where a particular population resides, the rivers, lakes, weather conditions, vegetation and fruits grown, the mountains, the terrain, the topography of the area, all collectively form the physical environment of the people. However, the cultural environment is different. It rather refers to the behaviour of a particular population in a particular geographic location. For example, there are people living in different parts of the world with different eating habits. Some are vegetarian while others are non-vegetarian, some eat meat of selective animals while others indiscriminately. The system of polyandry and polygamy are popular in some parts of the world while others see it as a crime. Intermingling with opposing sex is normal in some societies while others considers it immoral. These behaviours and their sum total is the cultural environment that shapes the value system of a particular society.
With all the differences in terms of physical environment and the cultural environment, the need of production and habits of excessive consumption have endangered ecosystems of the world and hence have created an urge for the people to change their behaviour to this end. The collective habits of a people emanate from their societies and the makeup societies. Certain societies are indifferent to environmental concerns and have very casual habits such as eating and throwing the wrappers in open, in the sea, in the wild. They have least understanding of the consequences of their actions while others exhibit a very responsible behaviour because of the training inculcated to them through their educational system and the value system in their societies. However, given the fact that the world has become a global village and there is an unprecedented movement of populations from one country to another for tourism, treatment, and entertainment purposes, there are more environmental concerns as people travel to other countries with their native habits and frame of reference in other societies and behave the way they are used to at their home countries.
This behaviour of the people has caused enormous risk to the wild life and many studies show that as many as one hundred thousand animals die of consuming polythene bags every year and that is all because of the irresponsible behaviour of the humans. The scuba islands of Malaysia are getting much attention worldwide and people from all the regions have been traveling here to avail the opportunity of scuba diving, open water courses offered through various padi diving packages in Malaysia. However, there is also a darker aspect and an environmental concern that often people behave irresponsibly in terms of their eating habits and garbage they produce ends up in the sea endangering marine lives. If you are an environmental activist, it is your responsibility and that of your colleagues to educate people to behave responsibly as we all have a responsibility to protect the natural environment of this planet.
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